Causes Of Prostate Cancer and How To Prevent It

Prostate cancer is a type of cancer that occurs within the prostate. The prostate gland in men produces the seminal fluid that sustains and transports sperm.

All men are at risk of developing prostate cancer. Prostate cancer is the most common cancer worldwide among men. Prostate cancer will affect one out of every nine men during their lifetime. However, research shows that it is only one in 39 men who will die from this disease.   

The risk of developing prostate cancer continuously rises with age. Research shows that approximately 60 percent of all men diagnosed with prostate cancer in the United States are aged 65 and above. It is uncommon for men below the age of 40 to develop prostate cancer.

What Are The Causes Of Prostate Cancer?

The exact causes of prostate cancer remains unknown based on current research; however, there is increasing evidence that prostate cancer begins due to abnormal changes in some cells in the prostate. Mutations in the irregular cells’ DNA are responsible for the multiplication of the cells. This causes abnormal cells to divide faster than normal cells do. Subsequently, these abnormal cells continue to live on, when other cells die. The accumulating abnormal cells result in a tumor that can grow to penetrate nearby tissue.

Some evidence suggests that prostate cancer can partly be caused by DNA changes that invoke oncogenes or repress revoke tumor suppressor genes.

Risk factors

Some factors that can increase your risk of developing prostate cancer include:

  • Age – Your risk of developing prostate cancer increases as you advance in age. Close to two-thirds of prostate cancer are diagnosed in men aged 65 and above.
  • Race – For reasons yet unknown, black men have a greater risk of developing prostate cancer than men of other races. Furthermore, when diagnosed it appears more aggressive or advanced.
  • Family history – Your risk of developing prostate cancer increases, if men in your family have had prostate cancer, or if there is a strong family history of breast cancer.
  • Obesity – Being obese does not increase your risk of having prostate cancer; it, however, increases your risk of having the aggressive type of prostate cancer. You can minimize your risk by maintaining a healthy weight. You can do this by getting more involve in exercise activities and reducing the number of calories you consume daily.
  • DietResearch has shown that people who consume high dairy products or diet high in red meat are more at risk of having prostate cancer. Based on studies conducted, men would eat a high amount of dairy products such as milk, yogurt, and cheese each day have a high risk of developing prostate cancer. You can lower your risk by reducing the amount of red meat and dairy products in your meal.

Prostate Cancer Prevention

Based on current research, there is no way you can prevent prostate cancer, but there are lots of ways you can lower your risk of developing prostate cancer. There are normal and conventional ways of lowering your risk of prostate cancer. Much research is on to investigate the effectiveness of medications and natural remedies in lowering the risk of prostate cancer.

According to the American Cancer Society, the following drugs below may be effective in reducing the risk of prostate cancer. These drugs include:

  • finasteride (Proscar)
  • dutasteride (Avodart)
  • aspirin

In recent years, much biomedical research to test the effectiveness of natural remedies in lowering the risk of prostate cancer has been conducted. Some natural remedies that are commonly used to reduce the risk of prostate cancer include:

Soy Products

A 2016 study revealed that a chemical compound known as isoflavones can help protect against prostate cancer. Soybean products such as miso, soy milk, beans, alfalfa, and tofu have a high concentration of isoflavones.

Omega-3-fatty acids

Some evidence revealed that omega-3-fatty acid may help lower the risk of prostate cancer. Food such as fish, soybean, walnuts, and flax seeds are rich in omega-3-fatty acids.


Some studies revealed that a compound known as lycopene may reduce the risk of cancer, especially those of the stomach, prostate, and lung. Lycopene is present in processed tomatoes, including all canned and cooked varieties. Watermelon, apricots, and grapefruit also contain lycopene.

Increased consumption of tomatoes reduce the risk of prostate cancer, this is according to a review from 2016. However, according to the authors, more research is needed to verify this.


Coffee and its antioxidant qualities may lessen the risk of developing prostate cancer. This assertion was based on a review of 105 studies conducted in 2016 that assessed the impact of coffees on cancer risk.

Research to find out the exact causes of prostate cancer is ongoing, but evidence suggests changes in cell mutation. Prostate cancer can’t be prevented based on many unavoidable factors; however, you can lessen your risk by maintaining a healthy weight, engaging in exercise, and eating diets rich in chemicals that can reduce the growth of cancerous cells.

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